The health effects of air pollution vary from person to person. The high risk groups, consisting the elderly, infants, pregnant women, and chronic sufferers of heart and lung diseases are the most susceptible to air pollution. In young children, air pollution can have adverse effects on the development of their lungs. An interesting fact is that indoor air pollution can actually be worse than outdoor air pollution. The accumulation of indoor pollutants from smoke, smog, and chemical cleaning products can build up in the home for years, which might eventually lead to both acute and chronic issues.
The acute and chronic ailments associated with air pollution very as well. Some of the acute symptoms include, but are not limited to headaches, eye irritation, and nausea. The chronic effects are more long term and are almost irreversible and include lung cancer, reduced lung capacity, and other repertory complications. Radon and tobacco smoke are the two indoor pollutants of greatest concern for health reasons. Tobacco smoke is comprised of more than 4,000 chemical compounds that contain anything from carcinogens, carbon monoxide, and formaldehyde. Radon is a naturally occurring gas that is odorless, colorless, and radioactive. So just imagine what these two causes over a period of years.
Some of the most common air pollutants are ground level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead. Ironically enough, they are also the most dangerous ones as well. They can have detrimental effects of human health as well as the environment. Other than trying to limit the production and use of these pollutants, there is very little else that can be done.